We will learn the methods to crop Photoshop layer easily. The crop tool in Photoshop is confusing for new users because it crops the entire canvas instead of a single layer. If you want to crop a layer in Photoshop, there are two ways to do it: convert the layer into a Smart Object and use a layer mask.
Photoshop is a versatile application that can be used for retouching your images, for simple post-processing of your RAW files, as well as for creating creative collages and digital paintings that combine reality with imagination.
Cutting individual layers makes it easy to do things like create posters, replace parts of an image, and layout a photo story. So, before we start, let’s take a look at a summary to crop Photoshop layer.
The easiest way to crop Photoshop layer, in my opinion, is to convert the layer into a Smart Object. By double-clicking the layer to open it in a tab by itself, it can be easily cropped using the Crop tool in Photoshop.
After the edit is saved, the new tab can be safely closed and the layer is updated to reflect the new version clipped into the original project.
However, if you want to create a custom clipping shape for more complex tasks, using a layer mask is the best option for layer clipping. It’s also the fastest way to crop Photoshop layer, even for simple cropping, compared to the smart object-based method. The layer mask option is also infinitely adjustable so you can adjust it to your satisfaction.
Method 1To Crop Photoshop Layer: By Switching to Smart Object and use the Crop tool
Step 1: Open or create a multilayer project in Photoshop. When you open an image in Photoshop, the default layer is a background layer. Double-click this background layer to open the dialog box for the new layer. Name this layer or just press Enter to accept the default name. Alternatively, you can drag all your images into an open project and each of them will become a new layer. You will have the chance to resize each image before it is added.
Step 2: Now right-click on a layer to be clipped. Make sure to right-click outside the layer thumbnail and a menu will appear.
Step 3: Choose “Convert to Smart Object” from this menu. Once you click on it, a new icon will appear in the lower right corner of the layer thumbnail. This shows that a layer is now a smart object.
Step 4: Double click on the layer thumbnail. A new tab will open with just that layer.
Step 5: Crop the image with the regular cropping tool. The hotkey is C.
Step 6: Save with CTRL+S (Windows) or CMD+S on Mac, close the tab with CTRL+W (Windows) or CMD+W (Mac) and return to the main project.
Step 7: In the main project, the smart feature layer you chose will now be cropped to match what you did in the other tab.
Step 8: Repeat for as many layers as you need to cut.
N.B: You can undo this move within the main project, but you cannot reopen the layer to adjust the crop. After saving, clipping effectively removes the clipped area unless you undo the process.
Method 2 To Crop Photoshop Layer: Crop with a layer mask
Step 1: Open or create a multilayer project as discussed earlier.
Step 2: Select the layer to be cut.
Step 3: Use a tool like a marquee or a lasso to make a selection around the area you want to keep.
Step 4: Make sure the correct layer is still highlighted. Now click on the mask icon, the one that looks like a circle in a rectangle. Everything outside of the selection you’ve made will be hidden by the mask. You can now resize and move the cropped layer if desired.
N.B: Remember that you can always invert your selection before masking it by pressing SHIFT+CTRL+I on Windows or SHIFT+CMD+I on Mac. The resulting mask will eventually hide the area you initially selected. You can also easily adjust the crop later by adjusting the selection yourself. Here’s how:
- Select the mask you want to adjust. You can do this by clicking on the mask thumbnail placed next to the layer thumbnail.
- Now click on the properties window. If it’s already open, you’ll see the options once you’ve selected the mask. To add the properties window to your desktop, go to Window>Properties in the menu bar.
- The feather option adds smooth edges to your mask. The Density option adjusts the opacity of the areas hidden behind the mask. The refinement option opens a new dialog with more controls. It is useful if you have a complex selection and want to make fine adjustments. The latter option is useful for complex areas such as cutting hair from a background.
N.B: Before applying the mask, the selection itself can also be edited to modify the mask using a selection tool such as lasso, polygon, or marquee. Here are the steps to follow:
- Go to Select > Reselect from the menu bar or press SHIFT+CTRL+D (Windows) SHIFT+CMD+D (Mac). This activates the selection that defines the mask shape. You will see the alternating black and white line of the selection. Fun fact: this line is called ‘marching ants’ because it moves that way!
- You can now use any of the selection tools mentioned earlier to add or subtract areas to your selection. You will see options to modify the tool in the Options panel. This panel can be accessed from the Window menu (Window > Options). You can choose to add to, subtract from, intersect, or create a new selection from the existing selection. To switch modes while using the tool, simply hold down the SHIFT key to add to the selection or hold down the ALT key (Windows) Option (Mac) to subtract from the selection. You will see a small x or + or – symbol around the tool to indicate how it is currently set.
Method 3To Crop Photoshop Layer: Cut the layer into the prefab shape
Step 1: Click and hold the shape tool and select the custom shape or press SHIFT+U on your keyboard until the custom shape tool is activated.
Step 2: In the Options panel, you will see a drop-down menu to select a custom shape. You can also import your custom shapes from this menu by clicking the little gear icon and selecting the ‘Import Shape’ tool.
Step 3: Click and drag to draw the selected shape on your canvas. A new shape layer is automatically created to hold that shape.
Step 4: Now in the layers panel rearrange the layers so that the image layer is above the custom shape layer.
Step 5: Finally, right-click on a layer to be clipped. Make sure to right-click outside the layer thumbnail and a menu will appear. Select ‘Create Clipping Mask’ to crop the image to the custom shape.
N.B: This method does not work with smart objects. Rasterize your layer before applying the copied shape. To adjust masks and layers individually, click the chain link icon between the layer and mask thumbnails. This disables the link between the mask and the layer itself, allowing you to move and transform them freely as needed.
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Conclusion: 3 Easy Methods To Crop Photoshop Layer
I recommend playing with these techniques to fully familiarize you with all the possibilities to crop Photoshop layer. if that helps, see you next time! Please try to support vdtips by sharing this post, thank you. I hope this answers all your questions on how to crop Photoshop layer.